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Wednesday, July 27, 2011

Hypertension


Hypertension or high blood pressure is a condition in which a person experiences an increase in blood pressure above normal indicated by the numbers systolic (the upper limit of blood pressure) and the diastolic number (the lower limit of blood pressure) on the examination of blood pressure using a blood pressure cuff can be using the device made form mercury pressure(sphygmomanometer) or other digital devices.

The normal value of someone with high blood pressure, weight, activity level and general health normal is 120/80 mmHg. In daily activities, normal blood pressure is stable with a range of numerical values. But in general, the rate of decrease in blood pressure during sleep and increases during activity or exercise.

When someone has high blood pressure and do not get regular treatment and control (routine), then this may bring the patient into serious cases can even cause death. Continuous high blood pressure causes the heart to work extra hard, this condition ultimately resulted in a breakdown of the blood vessels of the heart, kidneys, brain and eyes. Diseases Hypertension is a common cause of stroke and heart attack.


High blood pressure or Hypertension is known by two classification types, they are Primary Hypertension and Secondary Hypertension :

Primary( Essential )Hypertension.

Hypertension Primer is a condition in which the occurrence of high blood pressure as a result of the impact of lifestyle and environmental factors. Someone whose diets are not controlled and resulted in overweight or even obese, is an initial trigger for the disease of high blood pressure. Similarly, someone in the neighborhood or the high stressor condition most likely exposed to high blood pressure disease, including people who are lack of exercise can have high blood pressure.


  • Secondary Hypertension.

    Secondary Hypertension is a condition in which an increase in high blood pressure as a result of someone experiencing / suffering from other illnesses such as heart failure, kidney failure, or damage to the body's hormone system. While in pregnant women, blood pressure usually increases during pregnancy is 20 weeks. Especially in women whose weight is above normal or overweight (obese).

    Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension (PIH), this is the designation in terms of health (medical) for pregnant women who suffer from hypertension. Pregnant women with Hypertension can be classified as mild Hypertension, moderate Hypertension and severe Hypertension. Severe Hypertension in pregnancy is the most dangerous condition, A pregnant woman with high blood pressure can have future pregnancies Preeclampsia.


    Preeclampsia is a disease that toxin of pregnant women, characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine. The condition can occur after the 20th week of pregnancy and will affects both the mother and the unborn child. The Symptoms are very similar to symptoms of pregnancy. Sudden weight gain, dizziness, visual disturbances, abdominal pain, facial swelling, poor appetite, nausea and even vomiting,feet swelling , headaches and vision changes are primary symptoms. However, some mothttp://www.blogger.com/posts.g?blogID=4895580433502514737hers who developed preeclampsia report no symptoms at al.in case if developed seizures is called Eclamsia.
    Eclampsia, a life-threatening complication of pregnancy, results when a pregnant woman previously diagnosed with preeclampsia (high blood pressure and protein in the urine) develops seizures or coma,

    1. Causes
    For most Essential Hypertension, there's no identifiable cause of high blood pressure, but usually can be related from the life style, taking medication for long periods, or some time hereditary diseases.

    2. Handling and Treatment of Hypertension.

    a.Diet Disease High Blood (Hypertension)

  • The content of salt (Sodium / Natrium)
    A person who is suffering from high blood pressure should control themselves from consuming salty food, there are a few tips that can be done to control the sodium dietary :
    - Do not put salt at the dinner table
    - Select the number of low sodium content when buying food
    - Limit consumption of meats and cheeses
    - Avoid salty snacks
    - Reduce the use of sauces generally contain sodium.

    Contents Potassium / Potassium Supplements
    potassium 2-4 grams per day can help lower blood pressure, generally stout Potassium is found in some fruits and vegetables. Fruits and vegetables that contain potassium and good for the consumption of people with high blood pressure, among others, watermelon, avocado, melon, fruit of bitter melon, chayote, bligo, machetes pumpkin / squash, cucumber, aloe vera, celery, onion and garlic. In addition, foods containing omega-3 Sagat elements known to be effective in helping to decrease blood pressure (hypertension).



    b. Treatment for hypertension
    Treatment of hypertension is usually combined with some drugs;
    - Tablet diuretic Hydrochlorothiazide (HCT), Lasix (Furosemide).
    It is the class of hypertension drugs by the body through the urine discharge. But since potassium may be wasted in the urine, then controlling the consumption of potassium should be done.
    -Beta blockers atenolol (Tenorim), kapoten (captopril). A drug used to control blood pressure in the process of slow heart and expanded (vasodilation) blood vessels.
    -Calcium channel blockers Norvask (amlopidine), Angiotensinconverting enzyme (APF). Is one of the products are widely used in the fight against high blood pressure or hypertension in the process of relaxation of blood vessel, which also expands the blood vessels.

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